Periodontal disease

Causes of periodontal disease:

  • Bacterial dental plaque
  • Hormonal changes(pregnancy, pubertet)
  • Diseases( diabetes mellitus, hypertention)
  • Stress
  • Medication

Symptoms of periodontal disease:

  • Gum bleeding when you brush your teeth
  • Swollen and tender gums
  • Feel pain in your gums
  • Bad breathe
  • Pus between your teeth and gums
  • Teeth movement

Treatment of periodontal disease:

  • It depends upon the level of gum disease
  • Nonsurgical therapies are used to control the bacterial growth: scaling and root planning
  • Surgical therapies – to repair the supportive tissues: closed and open curettage, flap operation, teeth splinting

Tooth discoloration


  • Smoking
  • Poor dental hygiene
  • Age
  • Trauma
  • Genetic reason
  • Diseases


  • Limit smoking
  • Improvement of dental hygiene
  • Scaling and polishing every 6 months